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Nutrition Research

High Quality H2O

June 20, 2017
Hydrating foods!

Water.  Totes important.  Majority of our bodies are water.  Needless to say, hydration is very important.  “They” say 8 glasses of 8 ounces of water a day.  But, actually, fluid needs are quite individualized.  Fluid needs vary greatly from person to person due to age, height, weight, gender, sweat rates, climate, and activity levels.   The best way to check your hydration status is to take a look at your pee (yep, I went there).  If your urine is dark and concentrated, it’s time to step it up and push fluids.  Signs of dehydration include thirst, fatigued, headaches and muscle cramps.   Dehydration can be dangerous as it raises your body temperature and increases your heart rate.  Electrolytes help keep water in the right balance both inside and outside your cells.  Sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, all electrolytes, play a role in regulating your fluid stats.  Great news!  Certain foods contain both water and electrolytes!  In fact, the average person takes in 20% of their fluid needs from food.

As a dietitian, when I discuss high water content foods, celery, which is 96% water, usually is top of mind.  But there are so many more options!  Besides good, old H2O, try incorporating some of these foods throughout your day:

Cantaloupe, honeydew melon, papaya
These fruits are high in potassium.  Perfect to nibble on during a hot summer afternoon!

Watermelon, citrus, kiwis and bell peppers
They are also a great source of vitamin C! 

Yogurt and Kefir
These foods (or drinks!) are good for your probiotics, which helps keep your gut bacteria happy and you healthy. 

Heirloom Tomatoes
95% water and phytochemicals like lycopene!  Lycopene has been shown to lower your risk of chronic diseases and some form of cancers. 

Did you know broccoli is 90% water? True story. One cup has a day’s worth of vitamin C.

Water + antioxidant resveratrol, which has been shown to reduce your risk of heart disease.

At 8 grams of fiber per cup, these berries can help hydrate you and help get things moving.

It’s hot y’all.  Stay hydrated out there.



Nutrition Research

Alcohol and the Big C

April 3, 2017

Let’s talk booze.  Anytime I am presenting, the topic of alcohol ALWAYS comes up.  I am a quarter Italian (a strong quarter) so I get it.  I enjoy a glass of wine on days that end in “Y”.

Wine brings people together!  Sunday night family dinner = wine.  Celebrating good news = wine.  Drama with a friend = wine.  Issues with your significant other = wine.  Rose` all day.  Red wine and red soles.  Wine is officially part of our culture.  Heck!  The Fat Jewish even has his own line of rose`!  Has anyone tried that yet?  Super curious.

We love to know about wine – where it’s from, what characteristics it possesses, how many cases were produced, etc.  We also love to tout the study that indicates it is good for our heart!  Oh and let us not forget our favorite diet of all….the Mediterranean diet, which embraces wine with meals.  (Can I get an amen for resveratrol?  And now, is anyone else having a RHOC moment?!)  Well, I am here today to get real about booze.  WAIT, don’t stop reading.  I promise I am drinking wine as I am writing this.  But, it is important to know what the literature says about alcohol.

First, let me begin by being Debbie Downer.  Let’s chat serving sizes.

Wine = 5 ounces

Beer = 12 ounces

Liquor = 1.5 ounces

These are comical and depressing all at the same time.

Alcohol itself has been identified as a carcinogen. Moreover, as alcohol is broken down in the body, it forms a compound called acetaldehyde, another human carcinogen.  According to the American Institute on Cancer Research, alcohol increases the risk of at least 6 cancers.  Booze causes about 27% of esophageal cancers, 11% breast cancers and it’s associated with colorectal and liver cancers.  In the British Million Women Study, one drink a day increased women’s risk of breast cancer by 12 %, with even three to six drinks weekly posing some risk. Emerging evidence suggests that alcohol may pose a risk for other cancers, too.

Now before you go emptying your bottles, it’s important to know that there are some other key players.  Obesity, sedentary lifestyle, low fiber diet and high intake of processed meat all increase your risk.  Yes, it’s also true that more is not better.  The more you drink the more you are increasing your risk for the big C.  For people who drink 4+ drinks daily, risk of various cancers increases from 50 to 500 percent compared to nondrinkers.  Keeping alcohol to less than one or two drinks a day poses much less risk, but does not remove it.

Are you still here?  Ok, good.  Whew!  Let’s turn this train around, what do you say?  Red wine contains resveratrol and other polyphenol plant compounds, which studies can reduce cancer development. Yassss!  However, human studies have mixed results. Some studies link lower cancer risk with a Mediterranean-style diet, which traditionally includes low to moderate amounts of wine with meals. But this diet is super high in some important cancer fighting compound like fruits, vegetables, nuts, and fiber just to name a few.

For the lowest cancer risk, it might be a good idea to eliminate booze.  Womp womp.  Look, you get one chance to enjoy life!  Quality of life is SO important and red wine definitely increases my quality of life.  Take home message:  try to be cognizant of your portions and weekly intake.

A Mindful Cheers,




Nutrition Research

Chin Up, Buttercup – Mood Boosting Foods

February 16, 2017

Winter…am I right?  Short days.  Cold weather.  This season can leave you in a funk!  What can you do to re-energize and boost your mood?  Eat!  Look, I am ALL for pharmacological intervention, but for this lil diddy today, I am talking all things food and mood.

Did you know hormone imbalance and micronutrient deficiency can lead to you feeling a bit blue?  I know, right?!  So much can affect your ‘tude.

Here’s what we know:

  • Exercise can boost your mood
  • Vitamin D can help reduce depression
  • carbs can help promote serotonin production
  • protein can help with neurotransmitter production
  • consuming fruits and vegetables can boost your mood
  • omega 3s can help reduce depression

What not to do:  sleep a shit ton, netflix and chill (skip spin class), eat garbage (cokes, fried foods, pastries, margarine, too much red meat-hey, this list is from Harvard so it’s legit).

What to eat:  shellfish, eggs, green leafy veggies, salmon, tuna, mackerel, walnuts, almonds, berries, dark chocolate, kefir, milk, yogurt, and whole grains.  What else can you do?  Exercise, meditate, practice deep breathing, keep a gratitude journal, volunteer and spend time with your fam & friends!

New research links inflammation to depression so be sure you are pushing your anti-inflammatory foods!  Incorporate green leafy veggies, olive oil, tomatoes, strawberries, blueberries, oranges, turmeric and fish.

Look, if you are in a serious funk, call your therapist!  But if find your normally happy self a bit down, take a look at your diet.

Chin up, buttercup.  Spring is just around the corner!




Diet Trends 101 – What Works

January 24, 2017

Ah the new year.  The time where every dietitian has to explain every diet out there and why it’s ridiculous.  So here is the good news, most diets work.  Breaking news: if you stick to a diet, you will lose weight.  If short term weight loss is your goal, the type of diet doesn’t matter as each diet or program has one thing in common: cutting back.  Cutting back/ restricting food will lead to weight loss. Yay!

But, before you start counting calories in hopes to cut 3500 in a week to drop one pound, listen up. The latest metabolic literature shows us that there is so much more than cutting 3500 calories per week. When you lose weight your body adapts, even if you don’t lose any lean body mass, your metabolism will slow down.  This means you need less calories to maintain your new weight and even fewer calories to lose more weight.  It’s not simple math.  I know….so frustrating!

Here is the 411 on the diet trends I get asked about the most:

Whole 30/Paleo

Have a friend that does Crossfit?  Or know a girl in college?  THEY LOVE THIS.  These diets are similar as they eliminate entire food groups which can be cause you to become deficient in calcium, iron, b vitamins, cutting out food groups, low in legumes (highest fiber food!).  The rules are easy to understand and socially this is a “in”.  But cutting grains, dairy and legumes; we know this is not evidence based.  A red flag should go up anytime an entire food group is “off limits”.

Detox diets and cleanses

Want to annoy a dietitian?  Mention these words.  You don’t need to detox or cleanse.  Your body does this for you thanks to your kidneys and liver!  This diet can be full of laxatives and diuretics so you are in the bathroom…a lot.  Juice cleanses are very high in sugar so this is a nightmare for someone who is diabetic or prediabetic.

If It Fits Your Macros “IIFYM”

Similar to carb counting or weight watchers, “IIFYM” diet is point counting.  You have to count and log so the diet does involves more thinking.  Lots of meal prepping and eat the same foods daily.  You lose weight on this diet as you are restricting calories.  Similar results to other diets.

Low fat

Grab your doc martin’s and put your choker necklace on…it’s time to channel the 1990s version of yourself!  In the 90s, fat was TERRIBLE.  This diet demonizes fat of any kind.  Red flags should go up any time a food group is demonized or eliminated.  Low fat usually means an increase in carbohydrate consumption.  Food companies took out the fat and replaced product with sugar.  Remember those green Snackwell boxes?!  Great news: fat is back!  While you want to limit saturated and trans fats, you want to consume healthy fats like monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (nuts, salmon, avocado, olive oil).  These healthy fats help with satiety, blood sugar control, cardiovascular disease prevention and more.

Low carb

Now, flash forward a decade…the 2000s: boy bands, Britney before her 2007 meltdown, you get the picture.  The diet breakdown is as follows: <40 % carb, 30% fat, 30% protein.  Compared to low fat diet, the low carb diet may lead to great weight loss in first 6 months.  But by 12 months, both the low fat diet and low carb diet yielded the same weight loss.  Best selling point with the low carb diet is the greater weight loss initially. Greater weight loss = better adherence = better success!  Carbs don’t make you fat, party people.  Who loves carbs?  THIS GIRL.

Intermittent fasting

This diet is easy.  You eat.  Then you don’t.  The diet has you limit all food for 4-8 hours of the day.  Research shows it is easier to cut calories on some day versus cutting calories daily.  Best part, no food is off limits!  Contrary to popular belief, we do not see folks over consuming calories on non-fasting days.  The belief is that diet participants are in better touch with their hunger cues.  There can be some not so lovely side effects.  Issues with fasting can include: gout, urinary stones, abnormal heart rhythm, and a drop in blood pressure.  Check with your doc before you do this.

Ketogenic Diet

Diet developed to treat epilepsy and seizures.  Like, why is this even a thing?  This diet is 80-90% fat, 15% protein and < 5% carbohydrate.  The diet consists of mayonnaise, heavy cream, fatty steak with green leafy vegetables (easy because there are very few choices).  YUM!  This diet is very socially difficult.  Obviously, it is not nutritionally sound which means it is low in key nutrients like fiber (side effect is constipation), calcium, vitamin d, iron, potassium and folic acid.  Common side effects are headaches, fatigue, bad breath, grouchy and leaky gut (loosen intestinal gaps in intestinal lining).  With all that being said, you did get immediate weight loss!  It’s all water as you are depleting your glycogen stores.  The second you stop this diet, you gain weight as you are reintroducing carbs back into your life.  Your cholesterol and LDL elevate and arteries stiffen which can affect blood pressure. I am still baffled that this is a thing these days.  Ew (in my Jimmy Fallon voice).

Long story short, all help you lose weight.  What do I tell my friends and family?

  • Don’t eliminate a food group
  • All foods can fit
  •  You HAVE to exercise (both cardio and strength training)
  • You have to watch your portion sizes
  • And of course, follow science, NOT TRENDS




Nutrition Research

Metabolism Boosters….Do They or Don’t They

January 12, 2017

Myth or Fact?!  Do the following trends actually boost your metabolism and help you lose weight?

Hot Lemon Water 

You have seen this on social media.  Gorgeous yogis sipping their mugs of hot lemon water boosting all sorts of health claims like weight loss, detoxifying and more.  You must drink it first thing in the morning they say!  Well, here’s the truth: hot lemon water does not speed up your metabolism.  The water will help you meet you hydration needs and the lemon is loaded with vitamin C which we knows boots immunity.  That is about it.  Sorry yoga girls.

Bottom line: helps meet hydration needs.  No effect on weight loss.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Touted for weight loss and detox, this drink apparently does it all.  But when you dig into the research, there isn’t any proof in the pudding.  There was one notable study in 2004 that showed apple cider vinegar increased insulin sensitivity.  Vinegar might affect the way you digest starch.  This means lower blood sugar levels!  One note here, this study was done on folks consuming high carb meals.  So if you are already watching your starch intake and or eating foods high in fiber, the vinegar doesn’t really have an effect.  Remember, this is an acid, so never drink it straight!  Because it is so acidic, there are some lovely side effects like tooth erosion, aspiration, tenderness to esophagus and more.  Awesome.  Let us not forget, too much acid can technically poison you….

Bottom line:  minimal effect on blood sugar.  No effect on weight loss.

Turmeric combined with a milk alternative – “Golden Milk”

Sorry whole 30 folks.  But, good news, this one isn’t a total loss!  While turmeric does nothing for your metabolism, it does have an anti-inflammatory effect.  When the body experiences illness, injury, stress, irritation or infection, an acute inflammatory response occurs to heal the affected tissue.  When the acute response is not affective, the body goes to plan b: chronic inflammation.  Acute inflammation is therapeutic, but chronic inflammation even at a low level is problematic.  Inflammation is associated with obesity, diabetes, IBS and cardiovascular disease.  Researchers have found that phytochemicals from NATURAL foods, including herbs and spices, can help reduce inflammation.

There are only a handful of studies on weight loss and turmeric resulting in minimal results.

One fact: in India, the average consumption is 2-2.5 grams per day.

Bottom line: curcumin is the active ingredient in turmeric that has the health benefits.  Evidence continues to support its role in the anti-inflammatory process but the jury is still out on turmeric’s effect on weight loss, cancer prevention, Alzheimer’s disease prevention and more.

Low Carb Diet

While this diet doesn’t not boost your metabolism, it will result in weight loss.  The current guidelines recommend that 45-55% of total calories come from carbohydrates.  The American Diabetes Association recommends 45-60 grams carbohydrates per meal.  A low carb diet is technically defined as less than 45% total calories per day (30-100 grams carbs per day) with 15-30% protein per day.  The meal usually looks like an animal protein, non-starchy vegetable and some sort of fat.   We have multiple studies that show a low carb diet can be an effective means of weight loss, but this diet is not recommend long term.

Bottom line:  you will lose weight when you restrict anything…let’s be honest.  A 2014 meta-analysis showed that the benefits of a low carb diets are not very large and only offer a slight advantage in terms of weight loss and fat mass compared to a normal protein diet.  However, cutting back on simple carbs is a great idea for all of us!   Don’t cut back too much of you will have some fun side effects like headache, bad breathe, weakness, fatigue, constipation, diarrhea…lovely.  Many experts agree that eating large amount of fat and protein from animals increases your risk of heart disease and cancer.

Want to boost your metabolism?

  • strength train to build lean body mass
  • move constantly throughout your day
  • eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • watch your waistline

Remember friends, follow science, not trends!

Nutrition Research

It’s GO time! How to Eat for Energy

December 14, 2016

We live in a culture of busy….in fact we claim business as a badge!  In a world of saying yes to everything, no wonder everyone is so damn tired.  Of course we’d all love to sleep 8 hours a night, but hey, let’s be honest, 8 hours is a DREAM for most folks.  So, what is our plan b to get through the day?  Insert caffeine!  Lattes, tea, energy drinks galore help us push through.  But is that the best way?

Energy drinks are technically sold as a dietary supplement, which means they can forgo nutrition labels. No label means we have absolutely NO idea what is in them.  Scary.  In fact, energy drinks aren’t even required to disclose how much caffeine is actually in the drink.  Even scarier. Technically it is safe for most adults to consume 400 mg of caffeine a day.  (For reference, 1 cup of coffee has about 80 mg.)  But instead of turning to a mystery energy drink or another high calorie, high sugar fancy coffee drink, why not try a new concept: eating for energy!

Nutritionally speaking, here are three things to focus on to help you stay energized all day long:

Complex Carbs – The brain and central nervous system’s preferred energy source is glucose. Glucose is found in carbohydrates like fruit, whole grain pastas, cereal, bread beans, potatoes, and rice. The dietary guidelines recommend that 45-65% of you total calorie intake come from carbohydrate. Carbohydrates can be simple or complex. Simple carbs are things like candy, cake, donuts, white bread, white rice, and baked goods. Complex carbs have more nutrition and fiber. Think fruits, vegetables, beans, potatoes, whole-wheat pasta, whole wheat bread, milk and yogurt. Always choose complex carbs over simple and be sure to spread your carb intake evenly throughout the day.

Magnesium – Did you know magnesium is the 4th most abundant mineral in the body? In fact, magnesium is needed for over 300 chemical and enzymatic processes. This mineral helps you take energy from food and make it into new proteins. It also helps keep your bones, muscle and nerves healthy. Deficiency can lead to fatigue, headaches, anxiety and more.  The best sources of magnesium are green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds, fish, and whole grains.   Aim for 3 servings of dark greens a week and a serving (1/4 cup) of raw nuts daily.

Water – want more energy? Be sure you are drinking your water! Not enough fluid can lead to fatigue and headaches. Drinking a cup of water can easily reverse these symptoms. Aim for ½ to 1 cup every hour. Added bonus, you have to get up and go to the bathroom. Cheers to extra steps!


Energizing snacks:

  • ¼ cup almonds with ¼ cup dried fruit
  • ½ banana with 1 Tbsp of peanut butter
  • small apple with 1 ounce low fat cheese
  • 5 whole grain crackers with 1 ounce low fat cheese or hummus
  • ½ sandwich on whole grain bread
  • 3 cups light, microwaved popcorn
  • ½ cup berries with ¼ cup walnuts




Peanut Butter, You So Fancy

November 22, 2016

Hi.  I’m Caroline.  I am a dietitian who loves peanut butter.  Almond butter is great and all, but when did eating peanut butter become a social faux pas?  Like, peanut butter didn’t do anything wrong.  Peanut butter is a good friend.  There is nothing wrong with peanut butter!  (Gretchen Weiner moment….Mean Girls is always applicable.  Always.)

Did you know there are about 540 peanuts in one jar?  Did you know that 50% of the fat in peanut butter is monounsaturated fat?  True story.  To be peanut butter, the product must be 90% peanuts and 10% other (artificial sweeteners/flavorings, stabilizing agents or preservatives).  And talk about playing nice in the sandbox.  Peanut butter pairs with some many foods!  Bread, crackers, celery, bananas, apples, you can bake with it, I mean the list goes on. Oh and another bonus, one study publish in the International Journal of Obesity Related Metabolic Disorders found that peanut consumption was associated with an increased metabolic rate.

Alper CM, Mattes RD. Effects of chronic peanut consumption on energy balance and hedonics. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002; 26(8):1129-1137.

Peanut butter, while high in fat, is also high in protein.  The fat and protein helps to keep you fuller, longer!  In addition to the satiety factor, protein and fat help to stabilize your blood sugar.  I always recommend pairing a complex carb with a protein (like peanut butter).

Peanut Butter Purchasing Tips:

Peanuts should be the first ingredient, the less ingredients the better

avoid: added sugars, trans fats/hydrogenated oils, reduced fat (always more sugar!)

Don’t be basic and demand almond butter.  Enjoy that peanut butter!  Follow science.  Not trends.


Nutrition Research

Bone Broth – The New Coconut Oil?

October 31, 2016

Last week I was flipping through gram and there it was….a blogger (not a dietitian, not a physician, not a nurse, not a nurse practitioner, nor a physician’s assistant) posted a picture of herself sipping a cup of hot bone broth. This lifestyle blogger told her following of 32,500 that bone broth was going to prevent you from getting a cold and or flu this winter. 106 likes and 6 comments. It took great restraint NOT to comment.  Y’all, she has been so misinformed.

So here is the 411 on bone broth.   Let’s back up for a hot sec.  Broth is made from vegetables, meat and bones (sometimes roasted before), water, herbs, spices (salt, pepper, etc) and is simmered on low heat for  1-2 hours. The solids are removed and the liquid is strained and all that remains is the broth.  Stock is water simmered with vegetables and bones and is cooked for 4-6 hours.  Bone broth is roasted bones (with sometimes meat and vegetables) cooked for 24 hours then strained and seasoned.  Nutrient breakdown varies from homemade and packaged broths.

There are many benefits to bone broths. It can warm you up when you are cold. It can help you replace your sodium loss if you were exercising in the cold. (Check out the next cold weather NFL game…you will see some players sipping broth!) But, after warming you up and replacing any sodium that was lost, that is about all of the health benefits.  There are no peer reviewed, respected studies to date that bone broth provides any significant health benefits.

So sorry, sweet Paleo devotees.  Bone broth is just another trend.

Follow science, not trends.




Nutrition Research

Whole Grains for the WIN

October 26, 2016

If you know me at all, you know I LOVE GLUTEN.  Nothing frosts my gluten filled cookies more than seeing girls on gram in their workout gear posting pics of their gluten free meal making you feel guilty for enjoying your bread.  There’s nothing wrong with that bread sister!  (Great time to check out my gluten and lower BMI post….just sayin’.)  Gluten is found in whole grains.  And whole grain are so hot right now.

Listen, if you are the 1% of Americans diagnosed with Celiac Disease, you go on with your gluten free self!  This post is for the peeps thinking they are being healthier by consuming gluten free products (which, fun fact, are 9 times out of 10 higher in calories and fat).

Gluten lovers, rejoice.  Last week, ANOTHER study came out letting us know that gluten is “a ok”.  Gluten is a protein found in wheat and whole grains, and whole grains are a thing of beauty.  Whole grains are fabulous for you.  Folks at the Cleveland Clinic found that incorporating whole grains into your diet improved diastolic blood pressure.  (Elevated diastolic number is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.)  In fact, in this particular study, incorporating whole grains reduced risk of a heart attack by 1/3 and risk of death by stroke by 2/5.  Can I get an amen?

To recap:  whole grains contribute to a multitude of health benefits including lowering your risk for stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and colorectal cancer.   So why, my dear, are you not eating your whole grains?  Leave those zoodles and lettuce wraps for the birds and enjoy some gluten.  Please note, I am totes referring to whole grains and not white, refined garbage.  White bread, buns, pasta, rice might taste divine but they are no bueno in the health department.  The average American consumes 16 grams of whole grains a day.  The current recommendation for whole grains is 50 grams per day….so we have a lil work to do.

What to look for: 100% whole wheat.  Whole wheat is whole grain.  Proceed with caution on “wheat” or “multigrain”.

Cheers my dears!


The Final Countdown – Thanksgiving Countdown!

October 11, 2016

Turkey Countdown

T minus 6 weeks till Turkey

Don’t bust out those stretchy pants and go into hibernation yet! Did you know that now, for most of us, is the lowest weight we will be all year?!  Sigh.  According to research out of Cornell, just before the end of October is our lowest weight. But don’t get too excited. Hello Halloween, Thanksgiving, Christmas…by the time New Year’s rolls around, we are peaking weight wise. According to research, what we gain over the next 10 weeks takes about 5 MONTHS to lose.  I know.  Double womp.

Now is the time to set those healthy habits to help get you through the holiday season!

  • 5 to 9 a day
    • You have no excuse not to be eating your fruits and veggies right now.   Fruits and veggies are naturally low in calories and high in fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and phytonutrients!
    • This is so doable. 6 fruit and veggies servings:
      • Grab a piece of fruit in the morning before you head out the door in the morning and you are already two servings in! (With fruit so large these days, 1 whole banana, 1 apple, 1 orange all = 2 servings)
      • Add lettuce/spinach and tomato to your sandwich and BOOM! There is another serving!
      • Slice up bell peppers and cucumbers for a nice side with your sandwich. (1 cup raw veggies = 1 serving) Need some encouragement? Look for low calorie dressings to dip or even try hummus!
      • Have a small salad before your evening meal
      • ½ cup cooked veggies with your dinner and you are there!
  • Grill, bake or broil
    • No need to indulge on fried bites! Cook those lean proteins on the grill or in the oven to save on fat and calories.
    • Lean proteins help keep you fuller longer; satiety is such a beautiful thing during the holidays!
    • Lean protein also helps stabilize your blood sugar. Pair lean protein with complex carbohydrates (like fresh fruit or whole grains) at each meal and snack.
    • Don’t forget about nuts!  1/4 cup is a great non animal source option.
  • Keep your gut happy with probiotics
    • Bacteria in your intestines help digest your food, fight harmful bacteria and support your immune system. Probiotics help keep these good for your bacteria happy!
    • You don’t need a fancy supplement to keep your gut hormones in good spirits. All yogurt sold in the US of A has live, active cultures in it. Besides yogurt you can try kefir, fermented veggies like kimchi or sauerkraut, miso, tempeh, kombucha and don’t forget to fill up on whole grains! Whole grains are high in fiber, which is the best way to positively impact those good for your gut bacteria!
  • Lay off the booze
    • I know, “Debbie Downer”, but booze is full of empty calories! Empty calories are calories that offer NO nutrition value.
      • Light beer: 90-110 calories
      • Wine (5 ounces): 125 calories
      • Champagne (4.2 ounces): 80 calories
      • Liquor (1.5 ounces): 95 calories
  • Pass on those high calorie traps
    • For the next few weeks, lay off high calorie foods like burgers, fries, pizza and sweets. You have a lot of awesome food about to be on your plate! Stick with those healthy choices and your body (and your GI tract) will thank you!

Enter this year’s holiday season happy and healthy!  Cheers!